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Competences and educational objectives

Knowledge of basic medical science and organ systems
A graduate is expected to master:
  • the structure and function of the body as a whole and each of its major organ systems;
  • the molecular, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms important in maintaining the body's homeostasis;
  • the various causes (genetic, developmental, metabolic, toxic, microbiological, autoimmune, neoplastic, degenerative, and traumatic) of disease and the ways in which they operate on the body (pathogenesis);
  • the altered structure and function (pathology and pathophysiology) of the body and its major organ systems seen in various diseases and conditions;
  • the principles and applications of pharmacology, therapeutics and decision-making.
Ability to apply clinical skills to the care of patients
A graduate is expected to:
  • obtain an accurate medical history covering all essential aspects of life including age, gender, sexuality-related issues and socio-economic status;
  • respect differences in values and cultures of patients and their families on private issues such as sexuality and sexual function, domestic violence, substance abuse, end-of-life and other topics that materially affect the patient’s well-being;
  • communicate clearly, both orally and in writing, with patients, patients' families, colleagues and others with whom doctors must exchange information while fulfilling their responsibilities;
  • conduct a thorough, detailed physical examination, including psychiatric, neurological, genital and orthopaedic examinations in adults and children;
  • perform the routine technical procedures used in medicine and surgery;
  • interpret the most frequent clinical, laboratory, roentgenological, and pathological data and manifestations of common diseases;
  • reason deductively in solving clinical problems;
  • construct appropriate management strategies (both diagnostic and therapeutic) for patients with both acute and chronic common conditions, including medical, psychiatric and surgical conditions, and those requiring short- and long-term rehabilitation;
  • recognize and outline an initial course of management for patients with serious conditions requiring critical care;
  • relieve pain in an appropriate manner and ameliorate the suffering of patients.
Ability to define and promote health care that responds appropriately to the social, cultural, and actual health system context in which the care is given
A graduate is expected to:
  • demonstrate a commitment to advocating patients’ interests over personal interests at all times;
  • demonstrate an understanding of the way in which people of different cultures and belief systems perceive health and illness and respond to various symptoms, diseases, and treatments;
  • show respect for the role of other health care professionals and a willingness and commitment to collaborate with others in caring for individual patients and promoting the health of defined populations;
  • understand the various approaches to the organization, financing and provision of health care;
  • actively interact with community medical systems to maintain continuity of care and cure for patients after discharge from hospital.
Knowledge of the foundations of population and evidence-based medicine
A graduate is expected to:
  • understand the important non-biological determinants of poor health and the economic, psychological, social and cultural factors contributing to the development and continuation of disease;
  • know the epidemiology of common diseases and the systematic approaches useful in reducing their incidence and prevalence;
  • understand the economic cost of health care and balance the obligation to fulfil the needs and wishes of individual patients with the obligation to society to practise efficient, evidence-based and cost-effective medicine;
  • understand the power of scientific method in establishing the cause of disease and the efficacy of traditional and non-traditional therapies.
Commitment to ethics and professionalism
A graduate is expected to:
  • know the theories and principles that govern ethical decision making and the major ethical dilemmas in medicine, particularly those arising at the beginning and end of life, and from the rapid expansion of the field of genetics;
  • demonstrate compassionate treatment of patients and respect for their privacy and dignity;
  • demonstrate honesty and integrity in all interactions with patients’ families, colleagues and others with whom doctors come into contact in the course of their professional lives;
  • understand the positive and negative consequences of the involvement of corporations in the provision of health care, scientific research and medical products;
Commitment to personal and professional development
A graduate is expected to demonstrate:
  • the ability to recognize and accept limitations in his knowledge and clinical skills, and be committed to continuously improving knowledge and ability;
  • a dedication to lifelong learning to stay abreast of relevant advances in science, health care, and public health;
  • the ability to retrieve, from electronic databases and other resources, manage and use biomedical information for solving problems and making decisions relevant to the care of individuals and populations;
  • a commitment to work collaboratively with colleagues in health care, research and leadership teams;
  • a commitment to optimizing patient safety through thoughtful selection and timing of interventions and collaboration with all members of the health care team;
  • knowledge and proficiency in effective techniques for practice-based learning by individuals and system-wide improvements across the continuum of care;
  • leadership in the various branches of medicine and health sciences;
  • honesty in recognizing their errors and paying continuous attention to risk management procedures.
Commitment to an area of scientific and/or clinical inquiry
A graduate is expected to:
  • recognize unresolved clinical or scientific questions, formulate a hypothesis and identify methods and resources to address it;
  • conduct investigation in an area of interest related to patient care or scientific endeavour;
  • understand the scientific theory and method forming the basis of medical discovery;
  • understand the ethical requirements for laboratory, animal-based and patient-oriented scientific inquiry;
  • communicate new knowledge obtained from scientific inquiry responsibly and clearly.